ASTM D3580 Vibration Integrity Testing

Testing Standard:

ASTM D3580 – Standard Test Methods for Vibration (Vertical Linear Motion) Test of Products; ASTM D3580 Vibration Integrity Testing

Standard Number
ASTM D3580

Standard Title
Test Methods for Vibration (Vertical Linear Motion) Test of Products; ASTM D3580 Vibration Integrity Testing

Overview for ASTM D3580:

ASTM D3580 – There are technically two test methods rolled in to this one. The two test methods both cover and decide an unpackaged product’s physical effect by vertical linear motion starting at the surface in which the product sample is mounted for the test. 

As mentioned, there are two test methods within this standard testing method. 

Test Method A – Resonance Search Using Sinusoidal Vibration and 

Test Method B – Resonance Search Using Random Vibration

Sinusoidal relates to having some form of curve. Random relates to choosing without method.

*It should be noted that these two tests are not the same and will probably yield differing results. It is not recommended to assume the two tests are the same, even according to measurements. As ASTM.org has mentioned in their 2022 Edition of Standards, “it is possible that tests using random vibration may be more representative of the transport environment and may be conducted more quickly than sine tests.” 

Rationale for ASTM D3580:

ASTM D3580 – The data taken from the random and the sinusoidal vibrations of the samples will be used to decide a few things. The determinations can include improved product design, packaging materials needed, as well as transportation vibration mitigation tactics. When damage to the product does occur during vibration, this is what is referred to as the potential product fragility point. This is the point at which the product and package engineering would need to be changed, especially if the frequency evaluated and used on the sample is the same frequency testing while the product is in actual transit. it is important to note that these two test methods don’t necessarily simulate the vibration effects that the product will actually encounter in real-time. There are other related testing standards better suited for accuracy such as that. It is important that the product does not move around inside the packaging if there is a low tolerance for vibration hazards during transit. This fact can be alleviated by designing the packaging to hold relative and useful inserts. The test levels given in test methods stand for the correlation of the best information currently available from doing research. However, if there is more correct data available, it should be substituted for the otherwise previously researched data. 

Key Points for ASTM D3580 Vibration Integrity Testing:

Related Standards for ASTM D3580 Vibration Integrity Testing:

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ASTM D3580 Vibration Integrity Testing

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