ASTM D880 Impact Testing

Testing Standard:

ASTM D880 Test Method for Impact Testing for Shipping Containers and Systems

Standard Number

Standard Title
Test Method for Impact Testing for Shipping Containers and Systems

Overview for ASTM D880:

ASTM D880 is a test method used to evaluate the outer shipper’s ability to withstand impacts and the entire packaging’s ability to protect the contents. Moreover, D880 is a standard specification developed by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) for performing impact testing on shipping containers and shipments. This testing involves subjecting the container or shipment to a series of impacts to simulate the conditions it may encounter during transport. The testing is designed to assess the ability of the container or shipment to withstand these impacts without damage or failure. The D880 standard provides guidelines for conducting this type of testing and specifies the requirements for the test equipment and procedures. The testing is typically used in the development and certification of shipping containers and packaging materials to ensure that they meet the necessary standards for safe transport. Purple Diamond Testing offers this testing as part of our packaging compliance and validation services.

Rationale for ASTM D880:

Test Method for Impact Testing for Shipping Containers and Systems. Impacts are a common occurrence in all forms of shipping and using this method to evaluate your package’s ability to protect the inner contents is vital. The D880 impact testing standard is used for shipping containers and shipments as it helps to assess the ability of the packaging and containers to withstand impacts during transportation and handling. Shipping containers and shipments may be subject to various forms of impact and vibration during transportation, which can cause damage to the contents. The D880 test provides a standard method to evaluate and compare the ability of different packaging materials and designs to withstand impact forces. By testing containers and packaging materials to this standard, manufacturers can ensure that their products meet minimum performance requirements and will provide adequate protection to the contents during transit. It also helps to identify weaknesses in the packaging design and make improvements to reduce the likelihood of damage occurring during shipping. This method is ideal for multiple types of containers ranging from flexible packaging to unitized loads and is also a part of the test procedure for ASTM D4169 – Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems. Purple Diamond testing center has the right machinery and testing components to properly affect test shipping containers and their systems. It is important to call us before putting out the packaged product on the market. We need to verify the physical performance of the materials used in the packaging to withstand the impacts. We also need to confirm the material choice during the shipment container box design initially. We have the chance to perfect costs by mitigating damages that may happen through the transit process of the packaged product.

Several parties may benefit from using D880 impact testing for shipping containers and shipments, including:

1. Shipping and logistics companies: By conducting D880 impact testing, shipping companies can ensure that their containers and shipments are adequately protected against potential damage during transportation. This can help prevent costly claims for damaged goods or lost shipments.

2. Manufacturers and suppliers: Manufacturers and suppliers can use D880 impact testing to determine the optimal packaging materials and methods for their products to withstand the rigors of transportation. This can help reduce the incidence of damaged goods and improve customer satisfaction.

3. Insurance companies: Insurance companies may benefit from D880 impact testing by accurately assessing the risk and potential costs associated with shipping containers and shipments. This can help insurance companies offer more competitive rates and minimize losses from claims.

4. Regulatory agencies: Some regulatory agencies may require D880 impact testing to ensure that products are transported safely and securely. Compliance with these regulations can help companies avoid legal and financial penalties.

Overall, D880 impact testing can benefit any party involved in the transportation of goods by reducing the risk of damage and improving safety and efficiency.

Key Points:

Related Standards:

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ISTA is revered as the certification standard for package testing for distribution. ISTA’s Testing Protocol remains a series of testing methodologies and standards well recognized within the packaging community.
A select few companies are authorized by PHMSA as an approved third-party packaging testing laboratory in accordance with Hazardous Materials Regulations, critical to ensuring safe transport of dangerous goods.


With over 12,000 standards globally, ASTM International’s fully transparent standards development enhances performance and confidence in consumer choices.
The Technical Association of Pulp and Paper Industry’s peer-reviewed standards improve production through operational methods and industry recognized best practices.


 The APASS program was designed by Amazon to help support vendors, sellers, and manufacturers in obtaining certification of their products as Frustration Free Packaging (FFP), Ships in Own Container (SIOC), or Prep-Free Packaging (PFP).


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